The war on drugs is rule without law violating the
United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
United Nations Universal Declaration of
Article 3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of
Article 6. Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the
Article 7. All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation
of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Article 8. Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals
for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him
by the constitution or by law.
Article 10. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an
independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
(1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
Article 29 (2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only
to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality,
public order and the general welfare in a democratic society. Relative Rights Different Countries
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Adopted and opened
for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966 entry into force 23 March 1976, in accordance with Article
1. Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person. No one shall be subjected to
arbitrary arrest or detention. No one shall be deprived of his liberty except on such grounds and in accordance with such procedure as are established by law.
4. Anyone who is deprived of his liberty by arrest or
detention shall be entitled to take proceedings before a court, in order that that court may decide without delay on the lawfulness of his detention and order his release if the detention is not
1. All persons shall be equal before the courts and tribunals. In the determination of any
criminal charge against him, or of his rights and obligations in a suit at law, everyone shall be entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal established
1. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his privacy, family,
home or correspondence, nor to unlawful attacks on his honour and reputation.
2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or
All persons are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to the equal
protection of the law.
The Senate gave this consent in April 1992, and in early June, George Bush signed the instrument of ratification. On June 8, 1992, the US, one of the key players in
drafting the Covenant, finally ratified this important human rights treaty. Article VI U.S. Constitution.
Constitutions of Nations
BELIZE, THE CONSTITUTION OF
2. This Constitution is the supreme law of Belize and if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.
Part II Fundamental rights and freedom
3 Whereas every person in Belize is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, …. but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to
each and all of the following, namely-
does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest.
9. (2) the law in question makes reasonable provision
(a) interest public safety
(b) protecting the rights of others
Part VII Judiciary
96 Constitutional Question
Canada Charter of Rights and
1,The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees the rights and freedoms set out
in it subject only to such reasonable limits prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic
7, Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental
8, Everyone has the right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure.
15,(1) Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination
based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.
24 1) Anyone whose rights or freedoms, as guaranteed by this Charter, have been infringed or denied may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction to obtain such remedy as the court considers
appropriate and just in the circumstances.
Art. 4 Constitution Supreme law of the land
Art. 13 Equal Protection; Necessary
Art. 14 person
Art. 15 privacy
Art. 16 Free personal development
Art. 30 habeas corpus
France: Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizens
ISRAEL'S BASIC LAW: HUMAN DIGNITY AND LIBERTY
Jamaica Constitution 1962
Schedule II Chapter Three)
13. Fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual.
Schedule IIChapter Three)
13. Fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual. 13.
20. Provisions to secure protection of law.
(1)Whenever any person is charged with a criminal offense he shall, unless
the charge is withdrawn, be afforded a fair hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial court established by law.
(2)Any court or other authority prescribed by law for the determination of the existence or the extent of civil rights or obligations shall be independent and impartial; and where proceedings for such a determination are instituted by any person before
such a courtor other authority, the case shall be given a fair hearing within a reasonable time.
c. equality of rights and duties among all citizens without discrimination.
f. right to private property
[part] A fundamental provisions
Chapter II rights and duties of the Citizens
Article 7 Equality
Article 8 liberty
Article 14 Home
Article 15 property
[Part] B Powers
Article 19 [ Constitutional Council] supervise the constitutionality of laws
Article 20 [judicial Power]
Whereas every person in Jamaica
is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, has the
right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex, subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the
(a)life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection
of the law;
(b)freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life, the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms,
subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not
prejudice the rightsand freedoms of others or the public interest.
Title One Chapter 1, Individual guarantees
Article 1, persons
Article 4 Exercise of liberty
Article 103 All controversies violate individual rights.
Article 13 Privacy
Article 15 Deprivation of liberty
Article 120 The constitutionality of Acts of Parliament and treaties shall not be reviewed by the courts.
ZEALAND BILL RIGHTS ACT 1990
New Zealand Bill of Rights Arts. 21, 22 and 28
New Zealand Bill of Rights Arts. 21, 22 and
4. Other enactments not affected
No court shall, in relation to any enactment (whether passed or made before or after the commencement of this Bill of Rights),— (a) hold any
provision of the enactment to be impliedly repealed or revoked, or to be in any way invalid or ineffective; or (b) decline to apply any provision of the enactment— by reason only that the provision
is inconsistent with any provision of this Bill of Rights.
5 Justified limitations Subject to section 4, the rights and freedoms contained in
this Bill of Rights may be subject only to such reasonable limits prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free
and democratic society.
21 Unreasonable search and seizure Everyone has the right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure, whether of the person, property, or
correspondence or otherwise.
22 Liberty of the person Everyone has the right not to be
arbitrarily arrested or detained.
27 RIGHT OF jUSTICE
(1) Every person has the right to the observance of the principles of natural justice by any tribunal or other public authority which has the power to
make a determination in respect of that person's rights, obligations, or interests protected or recognised by law.
(2) Every person whose rights, obligations, or interests protected or recognised by law have been affected by a determination of any tribunal or
other public authority has the right to apply, in accordance with law, for judicial review of that determination.
(3) Every person has the right to bring civil proceedings against, and to defend civil proceedings brought by, the
Crown, and to have those proceedings heard, according to law, in the same way as civil proceedings between individuals.
Article 88 limitation to bring a case as prescribed by law
Article 95 no dispensation no redress
Article 102 Search of private homes shall not be made except in criminal cases.
RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE CONSTITUTION OF THE
Article 17. `The basic rights and liberties in conformity with the commonly recognized principles and norms of the
international law shall be recognized and guaranteed in the Russian Federation and under this Constitution.
United States, Constitution of thehttp://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/constitution.billofrights.html#amendmentv
Article I Section 8 paragraph 18: “To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper
for carrying into execution the foregoing powers,” See commerce clause paragraph 3
Amendment IV: “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and
effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the
place to be search, and the persons or things to be seized.”
Amendment V No person ... "nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due
process of law; "
Amendment XIV " nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or
property, without due process of law; "
Uruguay, Constitution of
http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/category,LEGAL,,,URY,3ae6b5600,0.html Art. 6 International
Art. 7 liberty, property
Art. 8 persons equal before the law
Art. 10 Private action and public order
Art. 11 Sanctity of home
Art. 14 confiscation of property, political nature
Art. 15 Arrested, reasonable grounds
Art. 17 habeas corpus
Art. 23 judges responsible for rights of individuals
Art. 30 Right to petition authorities,
Art. 32 Right of Property
Art. 85 3) Enact laws protection of individual rights
Art. 258 Declaration of unconstitutionality
Article 35.The right of private property shall be protected by law.
Chapter 7. Judiciary
4. The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, proceeding from complaints about
violation of constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens and requests from courts shall review the constitutionality of the law applied or due to be applied in a specific case in accordance with
procedures established by federal law